Apart from social amenities, connectivity and proximity to many other important facilities, airports play a key role in boosting the value and growth of these estates.
Some of the advantages of living near an airport include accessibility, employment opportunities, good quality of life, profitable returns on land, and multiple investment opportunities.
In Kenya for instance, those living near the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) enjoy a number of privileges such as enough supply of water, uninterrupted electricity supply, good roads, and enhanced security.
Considering these factors, land in such neighbourhoods tend to attract high rates. For instance, buying land in areas around Syokimau is very expensive.
According to a report released by Knight Frank, Syokimau and Athi River were listed among the most profitable areas to invest in land.
But with the opportunities and advantages, there are limitations to the use of land in these areas.
The Kenya Civil Aviation Authority (KCAA) has published a number of strict guidelines that must be followed in the erection of properties in areas near airports.
Before building any structure near airports, homeowners and real estate developers must seek permission from KCAA who inspect the project before issuing permission for construction.
“No person shall construct a building or a structure within the vicinity of an aerodrome unless authorised by the Authority,” KCAA states on its website.
All structures erected within the area must not obstruct the smooth operation of airplanes, whether landing or takeoff.
“No mast or obstacle shall be erected or in the vicinity of an aerodrome, where the obstacle may prevent an aircraft operation from being conducted safely or the aerodrome from being usable.
“No object shall penetrate the obstacle limitation surface, without the written permission of the Authority, where the object may cause an increase in an obstacle clearance altitude or in the height for an instrument approach procedure or of any associated visual circling procedure,” KCAA guidelines states.
Before construction, a developer is also expected to pay a certain amount to the aviation authority with the requisite supportive documents detailing all the construction plans.
After making the submission, the aviation authority then evaluates the documents before allowing construction to kick off.
“Once reviewed by taking into consideration the existing regulatory requirements, the authority shall grant an approval to allow the applicant to proceed with the erection or construction of the mast, structure or building. The Authority shall conduct random inspection to confirm if the approval granted is being adhered to,” KCAA instructions state.
Aviation authorities further have total control of such properties including businesses that are allowed to run within the vicinity of the airport. Uncontrolled cropping of businesses may lead to a breach of security.
To ensure all safety standards are maintained, KCAA regularly monitors the observation of these guidelines.